AIOU 6558 Educational Planning Solved Assignment Spring 2021


Q1. Identify causes of emergence of futurology as a discipline of study and demonstrate it’s important for planning and target setting for the coming generation.


The term futuristic additionally referred to as futures studies discusses what is going to be happening in future and deciding consequently. futuristic is outlined because the study of formulating educated presumptions which is able to in all probability and ideally influence be true in future. in line with Bhaskaran the roots of futuristic are often found back within the age of Torrah and Bible having their own prophesies. Then in sixteenth century, prophesies of astrologist regarding several things got attentions of the individuals and a few of them square measure still hoped-for to be unveil. writer talked a few journey to the moon of a space-craft in 1865 wherever he expected the speed, commence and landing venues as American state and Pacific severally that came to be true specifically once one century and 3 years in 1968. Another thrust to the futuristics in nineteenth century was the publication of HG Wells regarding the expectations towards the event of science and technology and its effects on human lives.

In twentieth century, futuristic emerged as a discipline with a replacement pattern of thinking of futurists notably Alvin Toffler and John Naisbitt WHO tried to form predications on the premise of understanding of nature consistently and scientifically. the planet War II additionally contributed futuristic to be emerged as a discipline once yankee forces felt the requirement of knowing things that ne'er existed and not identified up to then like new technologies, nuclear exchanges and their effects on human lives and setting across the planet (Bhaskaran, 2006).

 In futuristic as a discipline, the futurists perform futures studies in 3 paradigms particularly descriptive paradigm, state of affairs paradigm and biological process analysis study paradigm. it's detailed that in descriptive paradigm, futurists create probable predictions on the premise of developments befell in past. A static and optimistic thinking produces a prognostic future to be expected by the futurists. analysis studies comprised well phrased and clear objectives with quantitative analysis during a short amount of your time.  In state of affairs paradigm, the researchers advises things whereas explaining the method things can happen in future.  The state of affairs they gift isn't on the premise of its quality to predict however on its quality to worth addition to the method of existing deciding visualizing risk and introducing explorations of the expected development. On the opposite hand, the biological process futures analysis paradigm permits futurists to endeavour to explain and perceive what is going to be happening within the days ahead in unsure world with higher accuracy on the premise of biological process laws.

There square measure 3 sections futuristic as a discipline has passed through; the primary phase consists of twenty years comprising Forties and Fifties. This era of futuristic is taken into account as golden time of designing, quantitative ways, positivism, world trade and funding. it had been a time to emerge potentials towards scientific and technological development and economic process through urbanization, manufacture and globalisation. Such a triggering state of affairs demanded for AN organized future designing, exploring trends and technological future insights and wishes assessment. The second section of future studies includes Nineteen Sixties and Nineteen Seventies referred to as the age of international future analysis movement as a result of the longer term analysis observe unfold on the far side yankee military futurists thanks to magnified awareness of the trends for future studies (Kuosa, 2011). Ossip Flechtheim wrote a book on futuristic and recommended to unravel human issues associated with averting wars and peace, stopping famine and poorness, avoiding oppression and offensive actions, supporting democratic practices, preservation of natural resources and then on. 

The third section starts from Eighties and continues up to the current age. during this section new ways for future studies is ascertained to be ceased relating it to the second paradigm of future studies. a little variety of ways in futures analysis methodology are developed that is just too but what was expected throughout the second section. during this section the sector of future studies got stabled as several establishments offered courses associated with future studies and plenty of dissertations associated with the sector were made. The filed got identity in discussions as an everyday topic in journals associated with futuristic.

An analysis of the emergence of futuristic as a discipline reveals that prophecies of the past, current directions and future statement square measure thought-about as a unitary move forward it serves 3 major areas of analysis objectives in futures studies. The 3 major areas offer a base for implications of futuristic for instructional designing. the primary space is regarding developing vision and setting aims, goals and objectives that square measure at the guts of instructional designing. If vision building and setting aims and objectives square measure supported systematic future studies then the accomplishment of vision, aims and objective square measure nearly be ensured. as an example, gazing the {wants} and demands of the society wherever the people want to be in future, instructional establishments can develop their vision, aims and objectives with the assistance of futures studies. The second major space of the analysis objectives in futures studies is that the contributed towards designing and deciding. 

Thus, futuristic plays an important role in instructional designing and deciding throughout production policies for education and programme development. as an example, gazing the quality of plenty towards or away and their projections which is able to be explored by futurist, instructional planners can plan to open or shut instructional facilities in bound areas. Third space of future analysis is determination world issues of humanity. meaning in analysis and development activities, futuristic plays the role of assist. On the premise of statement by  several instructional issues are tried to be self-addressed by specializer. while not authentic sources it's troublesome to form selections for future concerning education therefore futuristic makes an attempt to handle the need. Education is meant to develop skills among young generation to change those to be adjusted with the days in future thus instructional leaders, managers, policy manufacturers have to be compelled to remember with essential trends to attain desired objectives. 

It is planned six pillars of future thinking for transformation particularly mapping, anticipating, timing, deepening, making alternatives and remodelling. of these shared pillars square measure the agenda of education that mapping suggests that here AN assessment of the present state of affairs and setting goals to be achieved in future. Anticipating refers to spot opportunities and threats concerning the set goals and proactively designing ways to handle those opportunities and threats. temporal arrangement the longer term implies identification of ways and each attainable inventive model of modification inside the society. Next pillar that is deepening the longer term is regarding harnessing the solutions to anticipated issues in order that proactively mistakes associated with transformation method can be tackled. Fifth pillar discusses making alternatives in structural roles. 

For example in an academic organization, the roles of directors, academics and students is also challenged and recommended various roles to existing roles. vital factor is to develop AN structure functions chart followed by looking new structures to use in those functions. The last pillar to future thinking is remodeling the longer term that is thru narrowing right down to a most well-liked future by analyzing situations, questioning and inventive visualisation. There square measure insights and implication in these pillars for education about to remodel the society. instructional designing involves vision building, setting aims, goals and objectives, choosing and organizing ways to attain the vision, production critical procedures to supervise the method, resource allocation and then on square measure abundant associated with the six pillars of future thinking.

In short, education are 2 sides of an equivalent coin. In futuristic, probable and most well-liked predictions square measure created on the premise of study of past events and current trends. The analysis and study current trends square measure supported by education through suggesting tools and techniques. On the opposite hand, there insights and implications for instructional designing in futuristic that ensures the look to be relevant and meaningful  as a result of in futuristic, fact and future .

It suggests that current trends, practices, traditions and their effects on future severally each square measure fastidiously postulated. It are often same that  and education are supplementary to every alternative.


Bhaskaran, P. B. (2006). Futurology: In perspective. ICFAI Journal of management analysis.

Inayatullah, S. (2008). Six pillars: future thinking for transformation. Foresight. 10(1). 

Biesta, G.J.J. (2007) Why ‘What Works’ Won’t Work: Evidence‐Based observe and therefore the Democratic Deficit of instructional analysis. instructional Theory, 57.1: 1–22.

Kuosa, T. (2011). Evolution of future studies. Futures: The journal of policy, designing and future studies. 43(3). Retrieved Gregorian calendar month thirty, 2018

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