AIOU 8602 Educational Assessment Spring 2021

 


Q1. What is formative and summative Assessment? Distinguish between them with the help of relevant examples.

Answer.

Formative assessment is employed to watch student’s learning to supply current feedback that may be employed by instructors or lecturers to enhance their teaching and by students to enhance their learning.

Summative assessment, however, is employed to guage student’s learning at the top of associate tutorial unit by scrutiny it against some customary or benchmark.

You can tell from their definitions that those 2 analysis methods don't seem to be meant to guage within the same means. therefore let’s take a glance at the most important variations between them.

Differences between formative and additive assessments

Difference one

The first huge distinction is once the assessment takes place in a very student’s learning method.

As the definition already gave away, formative assessment is associate current activity. The analysis takes place throughout the educational method. Not only one time, however many times.

A additive analysis takes place at an entire alternative time. Not throughout the method, however when it. The analysis takes place when a course or unit’s completion.

Difference two

There’s additionally a giant distinction between the assessment methods in obtaining the correct info of the student’s learning.

With formative assessments you are attempting to work out whether or not a student’s doing well or desires facilitate by observance the educational method.

When you use additive assessments, you assign grades. The grades tell you whether or not the coed achieved the educational goal or not.

Difference three

The purposes of each assessments lie miles apart. For formative assessment, the aim is to enhance student’s learning. so as to try and do this you wish to be ready to offer substantive feedback. verify this post concerning feedback.

For additive assessment, the aim is to guage student’s achievements.

So does one wish your students to be the simplest at one thing, or does one wish your students to transcend themselves anytime over and over again?

Difference four

Remember after I same that with formative assessment the analysis takes place many times throughout the educational method nut with additive assessment at the top of a chapter or course? This explains additionally the scale of the analysis packages.

Formative assessment includes very little content areas. For example: three formative evaluations of one chapter.

Summative assessment includes complete chapters or content areas. For example: simply one analysis at the top of a chapter. The lesson material package is way larger currently.

Difference five

The last distinction you'll have already got guessed. Formative assessment considers analysis as a method. This way, the teacher will see a student grow associated steer the coed in an upwards direction.

With additive assessment it’s tougher for you to steer the coed within the right direction. The analysis is already done. That’s why additive assessments or evaluations square measure thought-about to be additional of a “product”.

Examples of formative assessments

Formative assessments are often schoolroom polls, exit tickets, early feedback, and so on. however you'll be able to create them additional fun too. Take a glance at these 3 examples.

1. In response to a matter or topic inquiry, students write down three totally different summaries. 10-15 words long, 30-50 words long and 75-100 words long.

2. The 3-2-1 count exercise: offer your students cards to jot down on, or they will respond orally. Students have to be compelled to answer 3 separate statements: three stuff you didn’t recognize before, a pair of issues that shocked you concerning this subject and one thing you would like to start out doing with what you’ve learned.

3. One minute papers square measure sometimes done at the top of the lesson. Students answer a short question in writing. The question usually centers round the main purpose of the course, most shocking thought, most confusing space of the subject and what question from the subject may seem on future take a look at.

Examples of additive assessments

Most of you have got been mistreatment additive assessments whole their teaching careers. And that’s traditional. Education could be a slow learner and giving students grades is that the easier issue to try and do.

Examples of additive assessments square measure midterm exams, end-of-unit or –chapter tests, final comes or papers, district benchmark and scores used for responsibleness for colleges and students.

So, that was it for this post. I hope you currently recognize the variations and recognize that assessment strategy you're aiming to use in your teaching. If you would like to understand additional concerning implementing formative assessment you must extremely take a glance at this interview of a faculty while not grades and this post concerning the building blocks of formative assessment.


Q2. How to prepare table of specifications? What are different ways of developing table of specifications?

 Answer.

1. The definition of table of specification. Table of specification could be a chart that has graphic representations of a associated with the content of a course or course of study components and therefore the academic objectives. Table of specifications could be a 2 way chart that describes the topics to be lined during a check and therefore the range of things or points which can be related to every topic . typically the categories of things area unit represented yet.

2. That means of the table of specification Table of specification could be a set up ready by a room teacher as a basis for check construction. it's necessary that this be fastidiously ready as a result of it  The table of specification essentially is sort of a table chart that goes over topic that may air a check. This table chart is split into 2 charts and every sub topic is numbered underneath the most topics that area unit being lined for the check. this kind of table is principally utilized by academics to assist break down their define on a particular subject. Some academics use this explicit table as their teaching guideline by breaking the table into subjects, the teacher’s small print, what proportion time spent on the purpose, and what assignment/ project are often done to assist the scholar learn the topic to confirm the valid live of the should rational objective and course contents..

3. what's the aim of table of specifications: the foremost necessary of table of specifications is to realize balance within the check and to spot the accomplishment domains being measured and to confirm that a good and sample of queries seem on the check . Table of specifications enable USA to confirm that our check focuses on the foremost necessary areas and weights completely different areas supported their importance/time spent teaching . A table of specifications conjointly provides USA the proof we want to form positive our check has content validity .

4. What area unit the advantages of table of specifications serving to in building a balance check . attain the responsibleness and validity of the check Giving students assurance regarding the justice of the check choosing a sample provide true weight for every lesson

5. Things ought to be taken into consideration once building a table of specifications Table of specifications area unit designed supported supported 1-course objective . 2-topics lined in school. 3-amount of your time spent on those topics . 4-textbook chapter topics . 5-emphasis and house provided within the check .

6. A table of specification might be designed in 3simle steps: 1-identify the domain that's to be assessed . 2-break the domain into levels (e.g information, comprehension , application, analysis, and synthesis and evaluation) 3-construct the table

7. Formula A Relative weight for the importance of content = ( the amount of the category amount for one subject +total course session ) ×100%

8. Relative weight of the subject Class amount spent on subject Content %303 %101Vocabulary %101Speaking %202language %101Listening %202Writing 100%10Total category periods for teaching the unit

9. Formula B Relative weight for the objectives = (The range of objectives in every level ÷ The objectives of the Unit ) 100 percent

10. Objectives Topics Totals 100 percent information and Comprehension forty five the applying thirty fifth Analysis, Synthesis And analysis 2 hundredth Totals 100 percent Reading half-hour Vocabulary ten dialect ten tongue twenty nothing Listening ten to put in writing twenty you a large number of queries nine seven four twenty

11. Formula C determine {the range the amount the quantity} of queries in every topic for every level of objectives:- the overall number of queries x relative weight of the topics x relative weight of objectives

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